What are the signs of Depression?

In this article, we will discuss the signs and symptoms of depression as well as some treatment options for this condition.

Share This Post

Depression is a serious mental illness that can impact your life in a number of ways.

It is important to be able to identify the signs and symptoms of depression so that you can get help if you need it.

Depression can cause feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness and it can also lead to problems with sleep, appetite, and concentration along with several other symptoms.

In this article, we will discuss the signs and symptoms of depression as well as some treatment options for this condition.

What is depression?

Depression is a mental illness that can cause a range of emotional and physical symptoms.

It is more than just feeling sad, having an occasional depressed mood, or going through a tough time and is a serious medical condition that requires treatment by your doctor or mental health professional.

You can get depression at any age but it often starts in your teens or early adulthood.

Clinical depression is different from the normal ups and downs that everyone experiences from time to time.

With clinical depression, the symptoms last for at least two weeks or longer and they interfere with your ability to function in your day-to-day life.

What are the different types of depression?

Not all depression is the same, and there are several different types of it. The most common types of depression include:

  • Major depression, also called major depressive disorder, this is the most common type of depression and it can cause all the signs and symptoms listed below
  • Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia, is less severe than major depression but it can last for a longer period of time, often two years or more
  • Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression, this type of depression can cause mood swings from feelings of elation ormania to feelings of sadness and despair
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), is linked to the change in seasons and typically starts in the fall or winter when there is less sunlight
  • Atypical depression, can cause a number of different signs and symptoms that are not typically seen in other types of depression and you can even be happy sometimes after happy life events
  • Psychotic depression, this is a rare but serious type of depression that can cause you to lose touch with reality
  • Postpartum depression, also called peripartum depression, is a type of depression can occur after you have a baby
  • Anxious distress, is characterized by feelings of anxiety along with the signs and symptoms listed below
  • Melancholy, also called endogenous depression, is when you do not feel happy even during events that should cause celebration

What are the signs of depression?

The signs and symptoms of depression can vary depending on the type of depression you have.

Some people with depression may only experience a few signs and symptoms while others may experience many.

YouTube player
7 signs of depression

The most common signs and symptoms of depression include:

  • Feeling sad, empty, worthless, or hopeless and is the most common symptom of depression
  • Loss of interest in activities that you once enjoyed, including sex and sports
  • Sleeping too much or not being able to sleep and insomnia
  • Fatigue and tiredness coupled with a lack of energy
  • Irritability and having angry outbursts
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering things, or deciding things
  • Stomach problems that do not get better
  • Suicidal thoughts and even a suicide attempt
  • Weight loss due to lack of eating or weight gain and obesity
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty letting go of past mistakes or decisions and focusing on self-blame
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Headaches or body pains that will not go away

If you have depression, it will likely interfere with your life and make it difficult to do the things you enjoy or need to do.

It is important to get help if you think you may be depressed as depression is a treatable illness.

If you or someone you know has severe depression is in danger of harming themselves, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

If you are having thoughts of suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8225). The hotline is a free, confidential service available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 

What are the causes of depression?

The cause of depression is not fully understood but it is thought to be a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

It is important to remember that you cannot always control the causes of depression but you can get help to manage it.

When do you get help for depression?

If you have any of the signs or symptoms of depression, see your doctor or mental health professional as soon as possible.

If you refuse to seek help from a professional, you need to talk to a friend or family member who can support you and help you make an appointment.

Depression is a real illness that can be treated by a professional and if you think you may have depression, the sooner you get help, the better.

How do doctors diagnose depression?

Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and how long you have been experiencing them.

He or she may also ask about your family history of depression, any medical conditions you have, any medications you are taking, your alcohol and drug use, and your sleep habits.

A physical exam may be done to rule out other medical conditions that could be causing your symptoms.

You may also be asked to complete a psychological evaluation which is done to assess your thinking, mood, and behavior.

You may need to try different treatments or combinations of treatments to find what works best for you.

It is important to stick with the treatment even if you do not feel better right away as treatment takes time to work but it can help improve your symptoms and quality of life.

Some of the the most common medications you may be prescribed include:

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  • Atypical antidepressants
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)

Psychotherapy is a type of talk therapy that can help you manage your depression. It can be done one-on-one or in a group setting.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that has been shown to be effective in treating depression.

Other treatment options for depression include:

  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which is a type of brain stimulation therapy using electrical currents
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which another form of brain stimulation therapy but using magnetic fields
  • Light therapy, which is also called phototherapy, which is used most often if your depression is seasonal or if you can not sleep
  • Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), which is a type of brain surgery that is used as a last resort when other treatments have not worked and involves implanting a device that sends regular electrical signals to your brain.

Complementary and alternative therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy may also be helpful in treating depression.

From around the web: signs of depression

Reddit – Signs of Depression

Pinterest – Overcoming Depression

What are the risk factors for depression?

There are a number of risk factors for depression which include:

  • Family history of depression
  • Stressful life events such as divorce, job loss, sexual abuse, or the death of a loved one
  • Chronic medical conditions such as cancer, heart disease, or thyroid problems
  • History of mental health conditions or mood disorders, for example anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or bipolar disorder
  • Substance abuse
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Pregnancy and postpartum
  • Low self-esteem or being overly critical of yourself
  • Being gay, transgendered, or bisexual and not having a supportive network of family or friends

How can I prevent depression?

There are a number of things you can do to prevent depression:

  • Get regular exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Get enough sleep
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs
  • Manage stress with relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation
  • Talk to someone if you are feeling down or have any concerns about your mental health

Make sure to talk to your doctor if you are feeling signs of depression. Depression is a serious condition but it is treatable and there is help available. Do not suffer in silence. Seek treatment as soon as possible to get on the road to recovery.

Need help your anxiety or depression? 😔😔 We have some recommendations for you.

These are some of your highly recommended network telehealth partners that we recommend for any of your mental health needs.

Hims Mental Health: Treats Anxiety and Depression, Online Therapy, Mental Health Supplements and more. Read reviews here as well. ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

✅ Hers Mental Health: Treats Anxiety and Depression, Online Therapy, Mental Health Supplements and more. Read reviews here as well. ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Brightside Health: Life-changing care for anxiety, depression, and a lot more! Appointments in less than 24hrs. Accepts insurance! ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐


Depression is a serious medical condition that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at both work and home.

Depression is not a normal part of aging. If you are experiencing signs of depression, talk to your doctor or mental health professional.

There are a number of effective treatments for depression, including medication, psychotherapy, and brain stimulation therapies that are available to you and it may take time to find the right treatment combination for your depression.

You can also take steps to prevent depression by getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and managing stress with relaxation techniques.

If you have anymore questions or think you may be suffering from depression, please talk to your doctor, health care provider, or mental health professional.

If you or someone you know is in crisis, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8225)

References, Studies and Sources:




We are committed to providing our readers with only trusted resources and science-based studies with regards to medication and health information. 

Disclaimer: This general information is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional. If you suspect medical problems or need medical help or advice, please talk with your healthcare professional.

Share This Post

Pharmacists.org Discount Club

Get Started for $1.

  • Cheapest cash pay option at your retail pharmacy
  • 1,000s of drugs below $10.00 that can beat your co-pay
  • Start for $1 for your first month. Cancel anytime. 
  • Tell us your meds, we tell you the cheapest options.

Popular Destinations

Recent Articles

trusted pharmacists giving patient information

Does Taking Effexor Cause Weight Gain?

Taking Effexor may cause weight gain in some patients. Weight gain is a common side effect of Effexor and other antidepressant medications, and more than half of patients on newer classes of antidepressants report experiencing weight gain.

Read More »

Cerebral Review: Online Depression & Anxiety Treatment

Today, we’re deep diving with a Cerebral review to give you some insider info to help you narrow down your choices.

We review and include products we think are useful for our community. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a commission. For more info, please read our ad policy, content principles and vetting policy.

Read More »

Can You Use Gabapentin For Anxiety?

While Neurontin is the most common brand name for gabapentin, other forms (such as Horizant and Gralise) may be prescribed depending on the specific condition it is being used to treat. Gabapentin has also been shown to help people with insomnia, as difficulty falling or staying asleep is another symptom of chronic anxiety.

Read More »

Share On:

More To Explore

Does Taking Effexor Cause Weight Gain?

Taking Effexor may cause weight gain in some patients. Weight gain is a common side effect of Effexor and other antidepressant medications, and more

How Long Does Lexapro Take To Work?

If you are considering taking Lexapro for your depression or anxiety, you might be wondering how long it takes to work.

Zoloft and Weight Loss: Everything You Need To Know

When it comes to Zoloft and weight loss, here’s everything you need to know.

Cerebral Review: Online Depression & Anxiety Treatment

Today, we’re deep diving with a Cerebral review to give you some insider info to help you narrow down your choices.

We review and include

Can You Use Gabapentin For Anxiety?

While Neurontin is the most common brand name for gabapentin, other forms (such as Horizant and Gralise) may be prescribed depending on the specific

What is Zoloft?

If you have been recently diagnosed with depression and are given Zoloft, you may want to know how the medication works, what common side

What is Venlafaxine HCL ER?

The prescription drug belongs to a class of drugs called selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SNRIs), which are commonly used to treat mental

Using Prozac With Alcohol: What Are the Risks?

Prozac can be used to treat many different mental health conditions, is associated with a relatively low risk of side effects, and causes the

How Long Does Clonazepam Stay in Your System?

This fast-acting medication is known for being effective at panic attacks, but how long does clonazepam stay in your system?

What is Sertraline and What are the Side Effects?

Sertraline is the generic form of Zoloft, a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs like

Turn On, Tune In, and…. Heal Your Brain? Psychedelics Return as Potential Therapy for Mental Health Disorders

Before they fell out of favor over half a century ago, psychedelic drugs, like psilocybin and LSD, were studied for various psychiatric diseases such

How Long Does Alprazolam Stay in Your System?

Alprazolam is a fast-acting medication, but exactly how long alprazolam stays in your body varies tremendously based on the form of the medication taken,

Paxil vs Zoloft: Differences, Similarities and Which is Better

When it comes to Paxil vs. Zoloft, which is better?

A Supplement for Stress? The Science Behind Adaptogens

Stress is part of all our lives. Adaptogens are a group of herbal supplements studied throughout history as a way to improve the body’s

Does Buspirone Cause Weight Gain?

Many antidepressants can cause weight gain as a side effect. Buspirone may cause an altered appetite as a side effect, which can lead to

Duloxetine Withdrawal: Symptoms, Timeline, and Treatment

Duloxetine withdrawal is very common and well documented, affecting nearly half of all patients. Common withdrawal symptoms include dizziness, headaches, and nausea, and symptoms

Cymbalta vs. Prozac: Comparison Guide

Cymbalta and Prozac are commonly prescribed medications to treat mental health conditions such as major depressive disorder. The medications are similarly effective, although one

How Long Does Ativan Stay in Your System?

If you use Ativan to manage your health but are curious about how long Ativan lasts in your system, we have all the information

Why is Mental Health Important?

As the saying goes, “There is no health without mental health,” but why is mental health so important? The reality is that although we

What is BuSpar? Uses, Costs, Benefits, and Doses

If you’re one of 40 million American adults suffering from an anxiety disorder or experiencing symptoms of anxiety, you might think that your battle

What are Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics? 

Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics have been shown to prevent psychosis relapse in patients with schizophrenia. To combat poor medication adherence, LAIs are a great

Cymbalta vs Effexor: Differences and Side Effects

Effexor and Cymbalta are antidepressants used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Although both medications are FDA-approved, Effexor and

Celexa vs Lexapro: Which is Better For Depression?

Both are regarded as equally effective drugs for treating depression. Find out the core difference between Celexa vs. Lexpro now!

What is Ativan? Uses, Costs, Benefits, Doses

More than 40 million adults in the United States are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, making it the most common mental illness in the

Lexapro Overdose: Signs, Symptoms, and Precautions

We’ve put together a list of the signs and symptoms to look out for when it comes to Lexapro overdose and some of the

Panic Attacks: The Story of an Overpowering Fear

Panic attacks are when you experience a sudden feeling of intense fear with no apparent threat or danger.  This triggers a "fight or flight"

Using Lorazepam with Alcohol: What Are the Risks?

Using lorazepam with alcohol is incredibly dangerous but can be a common occurrence, and is associated with potentially life-threatening side effects, which are outlined

Using Citalopram with Alcohol: What Are the Risks?

Mixing antidepressants with alcohol is always potentially dangerous, but using citalopram with alcohol is particularly unsafe due to the high potential for life-threatening side

Brightside Health Review: Is This Depression & Anxiety Care Useful?

Brightside is an online mental healthcare company that provides treatment services for a range of issues related to anxiety and depression. These conditions include

SonderMind Reviews: Pros & Cons of Their Therapy Services

SonderMind is a virtual mental health service that makes therapy and psychiatry more accessible. Find out if the pros outweigh the cons.

We review and